Two important principles in gearing are pitch surface area and pitch position. The pitch surface area of a gear may be the imaginary toothless surface that you would have by averaging out the peaks and valleys of the average person teeth. The pitch surface area of an ordinary gear is the shape of a cylinder. The pitch angle of a equipment is the angle between the face of the pitch surface area and the axis.

The most familiar types of bevel gears have pitch beval gear china angles of significantly less than 90 degrees and they are cone-shaped. This type of bevel gear is called external since the gear teeth stage outward. The pitch areas of meshed exterior bevel gears are coaxial with the gear shafts; the apexes of both surfaces are at the point of intersection of the shaft axes.

Bevel gears which have pitch angles in excess of ninety degrees have teeth that point inward and are called internal bevel gears.

Bevel gears that have pitch angles of exactly 90 degrees have teeth that point outward parallel with the axis and resemble the factors on a crown. That’s why this kind of bevel gear is named a crown gear.

straight bevel gearsMitre gears are mating bevel gears with equivalent numbers of teeth and with axes at right angles.

Skew bevel gears are those for which the corresponding crown gear has tooth that are directly and oblique.