Cycloidal gearboxes
Cycloidal gearboxes or reducers consist of four fundamental components: a high-speed input shaft, an individual or compound cycloidal cam, cam Cycloidal gearbox followers or rollers, and a slow-speed output shaft. The input shaft attaches to an eccentric drive member that induces eccentric rotation of the cycloidal cam. In substance reducers, the first an eye on the cycloidal cam lobes engages cam fans in the housing. Cylindrical cam followers become teeth on the internal gear, and the number of cam fans exceeds the amount of cam lobes. The second track of substance cam lobes engages with cam supporters on the result shaft and transforms cycloidalthe cam’s eccentric rotation into concentric rotation of the output shaft, thus raising torque and reducing acceleration.

Compound cycloidal gearboxes offer ratios ranging from only 10:1 to 300:1 without stacking levels, as in standard planetary gearboxes. The gearbox’s compound decrease and will be calculated using:

where nhsg = the amount of followers or rollers in the fixed housing and nops = the quantity for followers or rollers in the sluggish swiftness output shaft (flange).

There are several commercial variations of cycloidal reducers. And unlike planetary gearboxes where variations derive from gear geometry, heat treatment, and finishing processes, cycloidal variations share simple design principles but generate cycloidal motion in different ways.
Planetary gearboxes
Planetary gearboxes are made up of three fundamental force-transmitting elements: a sun gear, three or more satellite or planet gears, and an interior ring gear. In a typical gearbox, the sun equipment attaches to the insight shaft, which is connected to the servomotor. The sun gear transmits electric motor rotation to the satellites which, in turn, rotate within the stationary ring equipment. The ring equipment is part of the gearbox housing. Satellite gears rotate on rigid shafts linked to the earth carrier and cause the earth carrier to rotate and, thus, turn the result shaft. The gearbox gives the result shaft higher torque and lower rpm.