Various types of vacuum pumps are used in various industries. Some of the common applications are in the food industry, pharmaceutical industries, vacuum drying, vacuum distillation and vacuum metallurgy. Other applications include water treatment facilities, petroleum plants and power plants. These pumps are also used for drawing liquids.
Vacuum pumps create vacuum by changing the state of low pressure. These pumps can be either positive displacement or momentum transfer. Positive displacement pumps are used for low and medium vacuum ranges, while momentum transfer pumps are used for high vacuum ranges. The type of pump that is used for the specific application depends on the volume size and the desired vacuum level.
The primary advantage of a positive displacement pump is the fact that it can operate at high and low pressures. It is used for most industrial systems and can also be used in a wide variety of special applications. The oil-sealed rotary vane pump is the most common positive displacement pump. The oil is used for sealing and also as a lubricant. The oil vapor combines with the gaseous mixture inside the pump chamber to decrease the ultimate pressure of the vacuum chamber. It is then taken through a fine filter element and collected in an oil sump.
Some vacuum pumps are also wet lubricated. This is achieved by utilizing a lubricating oil inside the swept gas stream. This allows the pump to operate with less oil contamination. In order to reduce the risk of oil contamination, the Air-Cooled Multi-Stage Dry pumps do not have lubricating oil inside the swept stream. They also have lubricating oil inside the bearing chambers of the pump.
Another type of vacuum pump is the Roots pump. This pump works on the same principles as the rotary vane pump, although it is a volumetric vacuum pump. The pump has a large pumping speed. This pump is widely used in the food industry, vacuum metallurgy and vacuum distillation.
The vacuum ejector uses the Venturi effect to create a vacuum in a small space. This ejector is also used in petrochemical plants and power plants. The Venturi effect is based on Bernoulli’s principle. This means that the pressure in the low pressure area will be equalized to the pressure in the high pressure area.
Other types of vacuum pumps include oil-free scroll, multi-lobe and screw pumps. This type of pump can be used to back a turbomolecular pump. The ring pump is prone to collapse when the liquid temperature is too high. Its effectiveness is reduced when volatile organic compounds condense inside the pump.
The Torr scale is a simple way of measuring the pressure of the air. It is used to determine the maximum pressure that a vacuum pump can create. It is also used in the measurement of the absolute pressure of a chamber. The Torr scale is composed of a section that corresponds to the vacuum pump range.
When selecting a vacuum pump, it is important to find one that offers a long lifetime, durability, low power consumption and minimal heat generation. This allows for a smooth, economical operation. In addition, this type of pump is available in a variety of materials. These include Cast Iron, Brass and Stainless Steel.